A town is usually identified by its sites, architecture or region. Sacueni is a municipality located in Northern Romania, roughly twenty kilometers away from the Hungarian border. History has seen the place evolve from the Roman times in the 1st century BC, to the migration waves of Goths, Huns, Avars, Slavs, Bulgars and Magyars in the Middle Ages; the Turk invasion in the 16th century which established Transylvannia as a vassal of the Ottoman Empire; the later rule of the Habsburg in 1687, to the defeat of Austria-Hungary in 1918 which signified the formation of modern Romania, leading to WWII featured by the regime’s ties with the Nazis; and the 25-year dictatorship of Nicolae Ceausescu, plagued by corruption and malpractice.
Until 2007, when the country finally found a certain sense of stability allowing it to join the European Union. Since then Romania and its peoples have enjoyed relative cohesion despite the economic and social difficulties. All the mentioned hardships have shaped and molded Sacueni, a town that not only stands out by its natural beauty, but for the richness of its community and the diversity that upholds it. This article is going to focus on the cultural aspect of the town, highlighting its most distinctive asset: cultural diversity, and picturing a general idea of Sacuenian uniqueness. At this point, it is important to comment that, according to the last municipal census, Sacueni’s population, around eleven thousand citizens, is formed by three main ethnicities: Hungarians, Romas (gypsies) and Romanians.
If we look back to the historical introduction made above, we clearly see the echoes of history in what the town is today. Sacueni, just as Romania, is the product of a cultural mix that defines the town’s peculiarity. Along the streets of the town, there can be found reminiscents of Hungarian poets, Romanian artists, celebrations of various traditions, etc. evidencing the mix of cultures and origins already specified. Despite the differences, people in Sacueni have learned not only to live among themselves, but to create a much more diverse, tight-knitted and prospering community based on respect, tolerance, acceptance, interaction between groups, proactivity and propensity to help others. Cultural diversity grants the possibility for the inhabitants to learn from one another and to reach a level of understanding that fosters collaboration and cooperation. Organizations like Ér Hangja are of utmost importance in this process.
Monitoring and giving voice to all the different groups of a community boosts cultural exchange between its members. It creates a model for a high-functioning local society that achieves whatever it sets out to do. A place is made unique and unforgettable for the people who live in it, this is precisely the case of Sacueni. The town is a point of confluence of the different cultures and origins, making it one special gem in the region. Let’s appreciate the richness of diversity and make the most of it by promoting cultural exchange and enhancing the community. Cultural diversity is often overlooked, however it provides new perspectives that help dispel stereotypes in a way that no other agent can. Let culture and diversity continue to set the base to empower the citizens of Sacueni.