History has plagued me since I was very little, I remember myself asking my father things related to History and being interesting in every single detail. I have come to love History so much that I even had made it a true vocation and a very important part of my life.
Many people see History as a boring subject and wonder what use History is going to do for them in their day to day. But I can assure you that History is useful and a lot. History serves to know ourselves, where we come from and how we have come to be what we are today. So I am about to discover and relate the History of this place, let’s start.
The first documentary attestation of the town dates back to 1214. The great Tartar invasión in 1241 devastated the settlement, causing the mass abandonment of the región by the population. Its rebirth can be attributed to the year 1278 as Zakulhyd.
At the beginning of the 15th century, in 1402, the Sacueni settlement was donated to the Zolyomi family by Sigismund of Luxembourg. In 1417, King Sigismund gave Székelyhíd the right of organizing a national fair, in addition to the right to collect customs, and from 1418 the organization of a weekly fair.
The economic development of the locality is also proved by the fact that in the first half of the 15th century it became a city. In 1460, the Zolyomi family received from King Matei Corvin the right to build a fortress in the north of the city, which will playa n important role, especially during the Principality of Transylvania.
In 1514, during the revolt led by Gheorghe Doja, Laurentiu Mészáros’ troops occupied Sacueni and killed several members of the Zolyomi family.
At the beginning of the 16th century, the Ottoman armies flowed towards the center of Europe, conquering Hungary. The Hungarian Kingdom became a Turkish Pashalac, a situation in which it also reached Bihor.
At the beginning of the 18th century, with the weakining of Turkish power, Sacueni passed under the rule of the Habsburg Empire.
In the spring of 1848, when the revolution broke out, the Bihor peasantry refused to fulfill its feudal obligations. An important consequence of the revolution for Sacueni was the abolition of serfdom, which led to essential changes in the economic and social life of the city: the number of population, manufactures increases, production diversifies and the weekly fair from then until today.
After the First World War, according to the provisions of the Treaty of Trianon, the entire región was incorporated into Great Romania. In the interwar period, the locality did not know important changes, but the economic crisis from 1929 to 1933 was felt here as well.
In 1968, Sacueni became a commune center, and in 2004 it became a city again. Within it, inherent economic and social transformation take place.
As my compatriot, the Spanish philosopher and poet, Jorge Agustín Nicolás Ruíz de Santayana said, “The one who does not remember History is bound t olive through it again”. I think we all have the right to know our History. It has been very interesting to investigate the History of Sacueni and to get to know all the amazing things that happened here. Without a doubt, the people of Sacueni are very lucky t olive in such a beautiful place so full of History.